What is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where people profit from the control and exploitation of others. As defined under U.S. federal law, victims of human trafficking include children involved in the sex trade, adults age 18 or over who are coerced or deceived into commercial sex acts, and anyone forced into different forms of "labor or services," such as domestic workers held in a home, or farm-workers forced to labor against their will. The factors that each of these situations have in common are elements of force, fraud, or coercion that are used to control people. Then, that control is tied to inducing someone into commercial sex acts, or labor or services. Numerous people in the field have summed up the concept of human trafficking as "compelled service."

Every year, human traffickers generate billions of dollars in profits by victimizing millions of people around the world, and here in the United States. Human trafficking is considered to be one of the fastest growing criminal industries in the world.

 

Fact Sheets:

 Human Trafficking (PDF)
English | Spanish | Polish | Russian | Traditional Chinese 

Sex Trafficking (PDF)
English | Spanish | Polish | Russian | Traditional Chinese 

Labor Trafficking (PDF)
English | Spanish | Polish | Russian | Traditional Chinese 

Identifying Victims of Human Trafficking